How Willson Contreras Can Improve on Below-Average Framing Numbers

Everything about that magical World Series season was historic for the Cubs. They had an elite defense, the best ERA by a wide margin, and a top-three catching tandem by framing. Their run-prevention unit was among the best all-time, and they had the most efficient defense in MLB history when it comes to balls in play. When looking at the differences between the last year and 2016, pitch framing is something that stuck out.

The trio of David Ross, Miguel Montero, and Willson Contreras combined for 23.8 framing runs (a Baseball Prospectus metric that measures framing chances combined with called strikes above average) in 2016. All three finished among the top 20 defensive catchers, even sharing the workload. Statcorner, which has its own framing metric, agreed with the Baseball Prospectus rankings.

This was very promising for Contreras in particular, since he was converted to catcher relatively recently and is still learning the finer details of the position. Combining his bat with plus defensive skills would put him in the elite tier for catchers.

But year-to-year pitch-framing is fickle in nature, as Jeff Sullivan described wonderfully for FanGraphs, and Contreras’ numbers were much worse last year. Both BP and Statcorner had him as a below-average framer, and both of them had him in the bottom 15 in that category last season. In total, the quartet of Contreras, Alex Avila, Victor Caratini, and Rene Rivera accounted for -10.3 framing runs.

That means nothing without context, but even without much background on the subject you can see that the Cubs’ sub-par pitch framing last season was around 10 runs fewer than it should have been. If we use the framework where 9-10 runs equals one win, framing added over two wins for the Cubs in 2016 a cost them about one win last season.

The case that perhaps best exemplifies Contreras’s poor framing is in late September when both he and John Lackey got ejected for it. Yes, there was a mix-up between the pitches that caused it, but the stab across his body really hurt Contreras.

Below, you’ll find GIFs (click thumbnail to activate) of four other instances from August and September in which Contreras didn’t get the call on pitches that should have been strikes .

September 16 against the Cardinals, Paul DJeong at the plate.

Contreras was lining up for a high, inside fastball, but Kyle Hendricks missed his spot and threw Paul DeJong a fastball over the heart of the plate. Although it only registered at 88 mph, Contreras still stabs his left arm across the plate and his glove even leaves the strike zone for a brief period of time. Although Hendricks missed his spot, the aggressive stab made the pitch seem outside when it wasn’t.

September 16 against the Cardinals, Jose Martinez at the plate.

Contreras was calling for a curveball and had his glove set up a little lower than the result of the pitch. Still, Hendricks hit his spot and the only thing I see here is that Contreras catches the ball in the middle of his glove and for a split-second carries the ball to the outside of the plate before bringing it back to center.

September 23 against the Brewers, Eric Sogard at the plate.

This is the game that resulted in Wade Davis’s first blown save as a Cub, and it should be noted that his control was off. Contreras is calling for a cutter on the inside corner, but Davis catches the outer third of the plate with the pitch. Belt high, this is clearly not what Davis was aiming for. However, Eric Sogard doesn’t swing and Contreras moves his arm quickly to catch the pitch, holding the same positioning of the glove. Perhaps if he had changed the angle of his glove it would have shown to the umpire that his mitt was in the strike zone.

September 26 against the Cardinals, Carlos Martinez at the plate.

Another game against the Cardinals, another example of Contreras stabbing his arm to catch a fastball after a pitcher misses his spot. Again, the momentum in Contreras’s arm causes the glove to go outside the strike zone momentarily, resulting in a ball.

In four of the five instances we’ve reviewed, the pitchers either missed their spots or there was a mix-up in signals. But if there’s something I want to see Contreras improve upon for next season it would be that stab across the plate. Elite framers like Buster Posey, Yasmani Grandal and even Jonathon Lucroy, Russell Martin, and Yadier Molina, all tend to be able to stop their gloves from crossing the boundaries of the strike zone on errant pitches.

Coming into next season, I hope to see Contreras getting more of these errant pitches called for strikes. In addition to that, I’d prefer the Cubs go with a defense-first backup to supplement Contreras and/or Caratini rather than a bat-first guy like Avila. Not only is that valuable in its own right, but it would also allow the younger backstops to better hone their craft.

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Teddy Eley

A graduate of Denison University, Teddy has been writing about the Cubs farm system for a few years now. He has been to all of the full season affiliates of the Cubs, and often makes trips to South Bend over the summers. Outside of the minors, his interests include soccer, economics, and ultimate frisbee.

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3 Comments

  1. Pitch framing is just a cover-up for bad umpiring. I don’t care if Wilson is dancing a jig; if the ball goes over the plate, it is a strike!

    1. I’ve umpired for many years. Calling balls & strikes is made much easier by a catcher who receives the ball well. Stabbing at pitches or excessive movement does not help an umpire whatsoever because it does obstruct the view. You DO NOT want your catcher making it harder for the ump…Contreras did such more often last year. Cheers

      1. I am clueless on umpiring. It just seems to me that the perimeters of your strike zone is already established, regardless of what the catcher is doing. There are plenty of examples where we see catchers pulling the ball back into the zone to get the call. I imagine as the ball is coming toward you, you are watching it to make sure it does not hit the batter and enters the zone. Even if the catcher is blocking your sightline, you should be able to determine if it was a strike or not (or are you completely blinded by the catcher at times?) Ignoring distractions, while not easy, seems to be essential in calling the game correctly. we used to say “as long as the ump was consistent” he is calling a fair game. With todays technology, we have the ability to get ball and strike calls correct. I am at the point where I would welcome that. Thanks for your response and input!

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